The desire to pursue a career in an industry that you enjoy naturally. And the desire to get a profession that gives the graduate a chance to get a high-paying job, the demand for which is growing today and will remain in the foreseeable future, is also understandable.
The most demanded profession in Russia today
It is known that the most demanded profession in Russia is the IT specialist. A term that, in the eyes of the average person, unites those who work with computers. To understand who is specifically in demand, it is worth starting with an excursion into the economy.
In the twentieth century, the key indicator for assessing the development of the economy was considered to be GDP, proposed by the American economist Simon Smith Kuznets back in 1934. The Nobel laureate defined the indicator as the sum of goods and services produced in the country. However, goods do not make a person happy. The stratification of people’s incomes and other socio-economic factors are not taken into account. The author of the indicator himself spoke about this, warning against its use as the only means of measuring human well-being.
Therefore, modern economists propose to assess the level of people’s well-being by other methods. For example, the OECD Better Life Index, proposed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The index is calculated in 11 directions, which are divided into 2 groups:
- Material conditions including housing, income, employment (or unemployment), financial stability;
- Quality of life including health, safety, education, social connections, work and play balance.
A satisfied person is the basis of the country’s socio-economic well-being. It is easy to see the relationship with examples. A healthy person lives longer, gets sick less. This increases labor productivity. The production of goods and services is growing. The well-being of society and the country is increasing.
The Russian Federation has been participating in the OECD index since 2011. Along with the change in the priorities of economic development, the most demanded professions in Russia are changing. They are equally suitable for men and women.
The top 10 professions necessary for the economy in 2022 included:
- Software developers;
- Electronic engineers;
- Mechanical engineers;
- Construction engineers;
- Electrical engineers;
- IT analysts;
- Production organizers.
The top 1 on the list is a software developer. The same highly paid IT specialist. The number of computers is growing every year. The number of programs used in financial and industrial processes is also increasing. This means that there is a growing need for developers to create new programs.
Analysts predict that by 2026 there will be 1.2 million jobs available for boys and girls in this profession. The average salary for a software developer is 200-300 thousand rubles a month.
The second place in the ranking is occupied by people who design and create electrical devices – electronic engineers. Thanks to this profession, medical equipment (MRI Machines, Oxygen equipment for hospitals etc. ), smart meters, microwave ovens, smartphones and other gadgets are created and used. Electronic engineers design boards and devices that run on electricity. Income – 50-60 thousand rubles / month.
Among similar professions, smart building techniques are gaining popularity. To increase the level of sales of new buildings, construction companies are installing smart home systems. With their help, the owners control the operation of household appliances remotely. The demand for smart equipment installation and repair technicians is also increasing every year.
In third place is the engineering profession, which is more suitable for men, is a mechanical engineer. He designs, develops and tests mechanical sensors and devices. Engineers work in the office, but they also come to production if the problem or the operation of the equipment needs to be seen in person. From 2020 to 2023, the demand for mechanical engineers will increase by 7%. The projected number of vacancies is 20-30 thousand per year. The average salary of a mechanical engineer is 40 thousand rubles. in the regions and 50-60 thousand rubles. in the capital.
In the 21st century, being a nurse is the most feminine profession. The nurse accompanies the patient all the time while the body moves from the state of “sick” to “healthy”. Provides medical care and support to the patient. Specific responsibilities depend on the place of work – surgery center, doctor’s office, care facilities for elderly patients, etc.
Despite the increased demand, there are not enough nurses in Russia. The problem is aggravated by small salaries in medicine – from 15 thousand to 35 thousand rubles. In private clinics, incomes are higher than in public ones.
The people’s need for doctors will not disappear in any economic situation. Did you know that- In 1900, the average life expectancy was about 47 years? In the 21st century, a European lives on average 78 years. As life expectancy increases, so does the need for people to support it.
The most common doctors are family doctors. But there are not enough of them either. By 2030, the demand will increase to 15 to 21 thousand people a year. The average monthly salary of a doctor in Russia is 80 thousand rubles.
In sixth place in the top 10, there is another technical profession – civil engineer. The number of urban residents is growing every year in all countries. At the same time, the demand for new residential buildings and commercial buildings is growing.
By 2030, the industry will need to fill up to 45,000 vacancies. Among them are not only engineers, but also representatives of blue-collar professions. Such as construction equipment operators, finishers, assemblers, elevators. The salary of engineers and construction workers depends on the financial policy of the enterprise, the level of qualifications of the employee.
Since the invention of the Edison light bulb , the role and reach of electricians has grown. In 2021, electricians are developing systems for the production and transmission of electricity, as well as various devices: engines, batteries. They all work in different sectors of the economy. The average salary of an electrical engineer is 40–44 thousand rubles per month.
A developing economy needs people to manage its finances. Depending on the needs of the company, accountants pay salaries, keep records of material assets, create financial forecasts and reports, and set financial goals. An accountant is required to understand the industry in which he works. The average salary is 33–35 thousand rubles.
This is the most difficult profession in the ranking. And one more “the same IT specialist” in the list. The IT analyst identifies areas in the organization that need improvement. They study the IT systems that the organization uses, goals and internal processes. Offers new and modernizes old systems to increase productivity and generate additional profit for the company. An IT analyst in Russia receives a salary of 100 thousand rubles.
In 2022, businesses will be looking to get the most out of the introduction of artificial intelligence and robotics into manufacturing processes. Experts predict that another 0.5 million IT analysts will be needed by 2026. We are talking about companies all over the world. The need will grow as the complexity of computer systems increases.
Technical manager (production organizer)
This is the new-old profession on the list. Different people were responsible for organizing work processes in the USSR: chief engineer, chief mechanic, shop manager, etc. If you combine everyone in one concept, you get a “technical manager”.
All professions are important
The question arises of how to deal with other professions. For example, humanitarian or service industries. They are important too, but the economy does not experience such an acute shortage of them as it does for mechanical engineers or doctors.
In the 1990s, the planned economy of the USSR was no longer working. Therefore, school graduates entered specialties where “they pay a lot.” The result was an oversupply of accountants, lawyers and a shortage of engineers. Those who worked in engineering specialties in the USSR have aged and retired. It is impossible to close the vacated places with young engineers who are not yet available. The scarcity is forcing businesses to pay higher salaries to candidates, which is beneficial for those who go to college in the 2020s.
~ News4masses is now also on Google news
~ If you want to contribute an article / story, please get in touch at: news4masses[at]gmail[dot]com